Malaysia Country Advocacy Brief Injecting Drug Use and HIV
Key actions to be supported
- Rapid expansion of the methadone maintenance therapy (MMT), needle and syringe programme (NSP) and antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme to reach a much larger number of people who inject drugs will save lives. Close monitoring of the scale up progress will help in this process
- Building capacity of service providers including health practitioners and the NGOs, law enforcement and policy makers is key to ensuring successful and sustainable scale up of programs
- A legal and policy review, and subsequent amendment of relevant laws and policies where necessary, would help to overcome barriers to scaling up.
- Improve understanding of the extent of amphetamine type stimulant (ATS) and poly drug use, especially benzodiazepine use, including extent of injecting of ATS
- Involvement of men and women who inject drugs and other key community members at all stages of the HIV prevention, treatment and care programme will result in a stronger national programme
- Introduction of HIV sentinel surveillance; behavioural surveillance, and consolidation of monitoring and evaluation data in this population will help to inform the design, quality of and monitoring of the national HIV response in this population
- Overcoming social stigma and discrimination associated with HIV and injecting drug use would help to increase utilisation of services by the most marginalised.